By Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald, R. M. W. Dixon
This booklet considers how and why kinds and meanings of other languages at various occasions might resemble each other. Its editors and authors goal to give an explanation for and establish the connection among areal diffusion and the genetic improvement of languages, and to find the technique of distinguishing what can cause one language to percentage the features of another.
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The quantity examines the causes for lexical borrowing from English over the past century, the techniques all in favour of the penetration of English vocabulary into new environments, and the level of its integration into twelve languages representing numerous language households. a lot of those soaking up languages are studied right here for the 1st time.
This booklet considers how and why types and meanings of alternative languages at diversified occasions might resemble each other. Its editors and authors target to provide an explanation for and determine the connection among areal diffusion and the genetic improvement of languages, and to find the technique of distinguishing what can cause one language to proportion the features of one other.
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After presenting a typological characterization of types of tone systems, he discusses whether or a not a tone system should be reconstructed for Proto-Tibeto-Burman or Proto-Sino-Tibetan, describing the difficulty of distinguishing between genetic retention and areal borrowing. He then investigates the ways in which tone systems shift from one type to another, often as the result of diffusional pressure. In Chapter 12, 'Language Contact and Areal Diffusion in Sinitic Languages', Hilary Chappell weighs up several aspects of the grammar of Sinitic languages— the largest subgroup of Sino-Tibetan languages in terms of the number of speakers—in order to evaluate them as either the outcome of areal diffusion or simply as typologically plausible developments.
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209-61 of Archaeology and Language, vol. i: Theoretical and Methodological Orientations, edited by R. Blench and M. Spriggs. London: Routledge. SALMONS, J. 1990. 453-80. SAPIR, E. 1921. Language: An Introduction to the Study of Speech. New York: Harcourt, Brace and World. -J. 1985. 37-95. SCHLEICHER, A. i86i-2. Compendium der vergleichenden Grammatik der indogermanischen Sprachen: kurzer Abriss einer Laut- und Formenlehre der indogermanischen Ursprache. Weimar. SCHMIDT, J. 1872. Die Verwandtschaftsverhaltnisse der indogermanischen Sprachen.
Areal Diffusion and Genetic Inheritance: Problems in Comparative Linguistics (Oxford Linguistics) by Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald, R. M. W. Dixon