By Lisa Yount
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Extra info for Animal Rights
64 Congress expanded the LAWA in 1970 and renamed it the Animal Welfare Act (AWA). Among other things, the new law required the USDA to monitor records and perform inspections to verify that facilities were meeting the act’s standards of animal care. The USDA set forth those standards in regulations issued in 1972. Public concern about the conditions under which animals are kept in laboratories and about the nature of the experiments carried out on them skyrocketed in the early 1980s because of two widely publicized scandals, both centering on videotapes made clandestinely inside laboratories by members of animal rights groups.
Broiler chickens are genetically selected to grow rapidly and reach a relatively large weight, four to five pounds, in about six weeks. Broiler breeders, which produce new broilers, are kept much like broilers except that, as with laying hens, their beaks and toes are trimmed to prevent aggressive behavior. To prevent fertility problems associated with the obesity to which they are genetically prone, they are often fed very restricted diets. Cattle, too, lead lifestyles that depend on the purpose for which they have been bred.
On December 30, 2003, however, a week after a 36 I s s u e s i n A n i m a l We l f a r e a n d A n i m a l R i g h t s slaughtered downer cow in Washington state was found to have BSE (“mad cow disease”), which may be transmissible to humans who eat meat from sick animals, Agriculture Secretary Ann Veneman announced that downer cattle would no longer be allowed to enter the human food supply. Most other industrialized countries have laws similar to the Twentyeight-Hour Act and the Humane Methods of Slaughter Act, some of which were passed or strengthened because of massive public protests.
Animal Rights by Lisa Yount