By Odd Lovoll
Across the Deep Blue Sea investigates a bankruptcy in Norwegian immigration heritage that hasn't ever been absolutely informed earlier than. peculiar S. Lovoll relates how Quebec, Montreal, and different port towns in Canada turned the gateway for Norwegian emigrants to North the United States, changing ny because the major vacation spot from 1850 until eventually the past due 1860s. in the course of these years, ninety four percentage of Norwegian emigrants landed in Canada.
After the advent of unfastened exchange, Norwegian crusing ships engaged within the profitable bushes alternate among Canada and the British Isles. Ships carried bushes a technique around the Atlantic and emigrants at the manner west. For the overwhelming majority touchdown in Canadian port towns, Canada grew to become a hall to their ultimate locations within the top Midwest, essentially Wisconsin and Minnesota. Lovoll explains the institution and failure of Norwegian colonies in Quebec Province and can pay due consciousness to the tragic destiny of the Gaspe settlement.
A own tale of the emigrant adventure handed down as kin lore is retold the following, supported through vast examine. the adventure south and cost within the higher Midwest completes a hugely human narrative of the travails, patience, mess ups, and successes of people that sought a greater existence in a brand new land.
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Extra info for Across the Deep Blue Sea: The Saga of Early Norwegian Immigrants
1 Typical costs for labour-saving doughnut equipment, 1955 Mixer Scales Proofer Cutter Fryer Turner Glazer Stacker Conveyers Icing machine Wrapping machine $1,800 and up $25–$1,200 $2000–$4000 $125–$7,000 $300–$9,000 $600–$700 $600–$4,000 $1,300–$1,800 Variable $500–$800 Variable Source: Canadian Baker, May 1955, 25. 72 Even as bakeries became larger on average, the vast majority (almost 70 per cent) of operations continued to be individually owned or family-run, of the sort that produced small batches of a variety of products.
67 Yet barriers to modernization remained. The donut is a deceptively simple product and raises many technical problems for a continuous flow operation. It was easy enough to break down production into its five key steps – preparing the dough (measuring ingredients, mixing, fermenting), forming the donut (rolling and cutting or extruding), proofing (yeast donuts only), frying (feeding the fryer, flipping the donut to fry both sides, removing from oil), and finishing (drying, cooling, and glazing or icing).
To do so, it envisioned a form of petty mass production, where small- or medium-sized operators like the Atalicks could be persuaded to modernize their production and distribute their donuts in local, metropolitan, or at most regional markets. Crowning the Doughnut Queen Here, the rhetoric and technology of modern production met the hype of salesmanship and marketing. Both CDC and Jo-Lo expended considerable resources convincing widely dispersed operators of the value of improving production by installing machines and buying premade mix.
Across the Deep Blue Sea: The Saga of Early Norwegian Immigrants by Odd Lovoll