By Andrew Holman
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Extra resources for A Sense of Their Duty: Middle-Class Formation in Victorian Ontario Towns
In many ways, the transition from countryside to town in this era was a formative process in the making of middle-class Ontario. 9 There is no small difficulty in determining an appropriate point of departure for studying a topic as vast as the middle class in Canadian history. Inevitably, though, a series of questions both historical and historiographical emerge and recur. Why has the middle class not been studied in Canadian history as a "class unto themselves"? What do we mean by the term "middle class"?
Attrill came to Goderich from the American South via New York City to mine salt, an enterprise that failed shortly after it started. He purchased an expansive estate, known as "The Ridge," on the north side of the Maidand River and planted it with corn, vineyards, orchards, and fruit bushes. Until his death in 1892 he raised and sold pure bred Durham cattle, sheep, and horses there. "8 He lived in Goderich only a few months of the year (wintering in California), but his comings and goings were publicly noted in the local press, and his presence, it seems, was felt.
38. 21. 27 Work, Authority, and the Middle Class Significantly, every non-manual occupation listed surpassed both the average wage and almost every wage for a manual occupation. I9 Moreover, these wage scales present only the bottom rungs of non-manual work; notably absent are the merchants, manufacturers, professionals, and bureaucrats who made up the largest complement of the middle class. When they are taken into account, as they are in an 1878 table of Goderich wages constructed by the resident United States Trade Consul, the contrast is even more apparent.
A Sense of Their Duty: Middle-Class Formation in Victorian Ontario Towns by Andrew Holman