New PDF release: A Sense of Their Duty: Middle-Class Formation in Victorian

By Andrew Holman

ISBN-10: 0773518991

ISBN-13: 9780773518995

Industrial switch, the growth of presidency in any respect degrees, and inhabitants progress all contributed to profound changes in Ontario's social constitution among the 1850s and the Eighteen Nineties. The altering atmosphere created new possibilities, new wealth, and new authority. In urbanizing Ontario, an identifiable and self-identified center category emerged among the idle wealthy and the perennial operating category. utilizing the cities of Galt and Goderich as case stories, Andrew Holman indicates how middle-class identities have been shaped at paintings. He indicates how businessmen, execs, and white-collar staff built a brand new experience of authority that prolonged past the place of work. As neighborhood electors, participants of voluntary institutions and reform societies, and breadwinners, middle-class males set criteria of right and anticipated habit for themselves and others, criteria for first rate habit that persevered to take pleasure in foreign money and relevance during the 20th century.

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Extra resources for A Sense of Their Duty: Middle-Class Formation in Victorian Ontario Towns

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In many ways, the transition from countryside to town in this era was a formative process in the making of middle-class Ontario. 9 There is no small difficulty in determining an appropriate point of departure for studying a topic as vast as the middle class in Canadian history. Inevitably, though, a series of questions both historical and historiographical emerge and recur. Why has the middle class not been studied in Canadian history as a "class unto themselves"? What do we mean by the term "middle class"?

Attrill came to Goderich from the American South via New York City to mine salt, an enterprise that failed shortly after it started. He purchased an expansive estate, known as "The Ridge," on the north side of the Maidand River and planted it with corn, vineyards, orchards, and fruit bushes. Until his death in 1892 he raised and sold pure bred Durham cattle, sheep, and horses there. "8 He lived in Goderich only a few months of the year (wintering in California), but his comings and goings were publicly noted in the local press, and his presence, it seems, was felt.

38. 21. 27 Work, Authority, and the Middle Class Significantly, every non-manual occupation listed surpassed both the average wage and almost every wage for a manual occupation. I9 Moreover, these wage scales present only the bottom rungs of non-manual work; notably absent are the merchants, manufacturers, professionals, and bureaucrats who made up the largest complement of the middle class. When they are taken into account, as they are in an 1878 table of Goderich wages constructed by the resident United States Trade Consul, the contrast is even more apparent.

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A Sense of Their Duty: Middle-Class Formation in Victorian Ontario Towns by Andrew Holman

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