By Charles I. Abramson
This paintings presents a methodological advent to the examine of invertebrate studying. It goals to offer readers an knowing of the foundations of sound experimental layout and of a few primary concerns within the research of behaviour. It comprises questions and lists of assets and fabrics.
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Additional info for A primer of invertebrate learning : the behavioral perspective
To relate the behavior to an underlying physiological mechanism(s). 3. To uncover the adaptive and functional significance of behavior. 4. To examine behavioral change through evolutionary time. The methods employed by ethologists are as varied as those used by comparative psychologists and include laboratory and field investigations as well as the sophisticated instruments of the neuroscientist. Of special interest, however, are three techniques uniquely associated with ethology: the ethogram, the deprivation experiment, and the use of models.
A third technique popularized by ethologists is the use of animal CONSTRUCllNG AN EXPERIMENT WITH INVERTEBRATES 25 “mannequins” or models. Such models are extremely useful in determining, for instance, the critical features of stimuli necessary to elicit fixed action patterns. For a discussion of ethological techniques, see Tinbergen (1963) and Fantino and Logan (1979). A collection of Scientzfic American articles on psychobiology contains several papers by ethologists such as Lorenz and Tinbergen (McGaugh, Weinberger, & Whalen, 1967).
The methods employed by ethologists are as varied as those used by comparative psychologists and include laboratory and field investigations as well as the sophisticated instruments of the neuroscientist. Of special interest, however, are three techniques uniquely associated with ethology: the ethogram, the deprivation experiment, and the use of models. The ethopam was developed from the anecdotal material gathered 24 A PRIMEROF INVERTEBRATE LEARNING by George Romanes in the mid-nineteenth century.
A primer of invertebrate learning : the behavioral perspective by Charles I. Abramson