By Mike Wallace, Carmen Boullosa
The time period “Mexican Drug War” misleads. It means that the continuing massacre, which has now killed good over 100,000 humans, is an inner Mexican affair.
But this diverts consciousness from the U.S. function in growing and maintaining the carnage. It’s not only that american citizens purchase medicines from, and promote guns to, Mexico’s murderous cartels. It’s that ever because the U.S. prohibited the use and sale of gear within the early 1900s, it has stressed Mexico into appearing as its border enforcer—with more and more lethal effects.
Mexico used to be now not a helpless sufferer. robust forces in the kingdom profited highly from offering american citizens with what their govt forbade them. however the guidelines that spawned the drug warfare have proved disastrous for either countries.
Written by means of award-winning authors, one American and the opposite Mexican, A Narco historical past reports the interlocking twentieth-century histories that produced this twenty-first century calamity, and proposes how one can finish it.
Read or Download A Narco History: How the United States and Mexico Jointly Created the "Mexican Drug War" PDF
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Additional info for A Narco History: How the United States and Mexico Jointly Created the "Mexican Drug War"
A myriad of small-time smugglers organized a large number of small-scale runs across the border, thereby minimizing the costs of any one seizure. The influx of American dollars into the Sinaloan heartland enriched and transformed the gomeros, who were increasingly called narcotraficantes (or narcos for short) to signal their elevation in status from mere poppy growers to wealthy international smugglers. They began to adopt a style befitting their new station; in Culiacán they fashioned an entire neighborhood, called Tierra Blanca, and filled it with ostentatious houses.
But in September 1976, just as Echeverría was passing the presidential torch to his chosen successor, José López Portillo (1976–1982), his government did so. The turnabout was due partly to the insistence of the United States; partly to concern at the surging size of the drug industry (which then covered some six hundred thousand square kilometers, and included roughly thirty thousand opium plots, some of them exceeding forty acres); and partly out of alarm at the rising levels of trafficker-related violence.
And in 1896, even Culiacán, capital of drug-friendly Sinaloa, banned the sale or use of marijuana without a prescription. So did Mexico City, a decision that municipal authorities reaffirmed in 1908, though they outlawed only cultivation and commerce, not possession of pot, nor giving it as a gift. By the 1910s there was substantial but not overwhelming support in Mexico for restrictionist policies, though most drugs, if prescribed by doctors, remained available in pharmacies. The Revolution strengthened prohibitionist forces.
A Narco History: How the United States and Mexico Jointly Created the "Mexican Drug War" by Mike Wallace, Carmen Boullosa