Read e-book online A history of Portuguese overseas expansion, 1400-1668 PDF

By Malyn Newitt

ISBN-10: 0203324048

ISBN-13: 9780203324042

ISBN-10: 0415239796

ISBN-13: 9780415239790

ISBN-10: 041523980X

ISBN-13: 9780415239806

A background of Portuguese out of the country growth 1400-1668 provides an obtainable survey of the way the Portuguese grew to become so influential in this interval and the way Portuguese settlements have been based in parts as far off as Asia, Africa and South America.

Malyn Newitt examines how the guidelines and associations of a past due medieval society have been deployed to help growth into Africa and the Atlantic islands, in addition to how, via contention with Castile, this grew right into a around the globe business. ultimately, he considers how resilient the Portuguese out of the country groups have been, surviving wars and normal mess ups, and warding off assaults by means of the extra seriously armed English and Dutch invaders till good into the 1600s.

Including a close bibliography and thesaurus, A historical past of Portuguese in another country growth 1400-1668 is a useful textbook for all these learning this interesting interval of ecu expansion

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In this way military service overseas was rewarded with office, wealth and status back in Portugal. By the end of the 1430s little new had been ‘discovered’ as a result of these piratical cruises, which had been confined to the relatively well-known coasts of the Canaries, Atlantic Morocco and the Sahara. The eight years of Pedro’s regency, however, led to a rapid expansion of Portuguese commercial activity in the Atlantic. Italian maps produced by Benincasa in 1448 and Fra Mauro in 1454 show clearly that, by the death of Pedro in 1449, Cape Verde had been reached by Portuguese ships and that the coast had been explored some distance beyond that, probably as far as the modern Sierra Leone.

Nobles for their part had to reward their followers, with the result that the search for plunder, ransoms and slaves became so important that it often determined the whole thrust of a campaign. The voyages of ‘discovery’ down the coasts of Africa, organised after 1430 by the Infante Dom Henrique and other noblemen, were openly and explicitly a series of raids designed to obtain slaves for sale or important ‘Moors’ who might be ransomed. The forces raised by the nobles and the concelhos were supplemented by the king’s personal guards, by individual soldiers of fortune who were attracted by the prospect of war, and by mercenaries or ‘allies’.

53 In 1415 the proposal to mount such an overseas enterprise had very wide appeal. Commercial interests in Portugal saw opportunities for expanding their trade, the nobility looked for rewards in terms of lands, lordships and ransoms, while ordinary soldiers saw opportunities to acquire booty. Portugal’s economic decline and the severe shortages of grain and of gold and silver coinage also suggested to hard-headed politicians that a successful overseas enterprise might be very rewarding. 55 Eventually a decision was taken to mount an amphibious assault on the city of Ceuta on the Moroccan coast opposite Gibraltar.

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A history of Portuguese overseas expansion, 1400-1668 by Malyn Newitt

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