By Melvyn C. Goldstein
It isn't attainable to completely comprehend modern politics among China and the Dalai Lama with out knowing what happened--and why--during the Fifties. In a e-book that keeps the tale of Tibet's background that he started in his acclaimed A heritage of recent Tibet, 1913-1951: The death of the Lamaist kingdom, Melvyn C. Goldstein seriously revises our figuring out of that key interval in midcentury. This authoritative account makes use of new archival fabric, together with by no means ahead of noticeable files, and huge interviews with Tibetans, together with the Dalai Lama, and with chinese language officers. Goldstein furnishes attention-grabbing and infrequently mind-blowing snap shots of those significant avid gamers as he deftly unravels the fateful intertwining of Tibetan and chinese language politics opposed to the backdrop of the Korean warfare, the tenuous Sino-Soviet alliance, and American chilly conflict coverage.
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Additional info for A History of Modern Tibet, Volume 2: The Calm before the Storm: 1951-1955 (Philip E. Lilienthal Books)
7. For his account of the trip to Tibet, see Thomas 1959. ” 9 Thus, for both of these reasons, Mao and the leaders of the Chinese Communist Party were convinced that Tibet had to be liberated and reintegrated into the Chinese state and that this was best done at once. Mao was realistic in undertaking this and believed military force would be needed to some degree. He was, in fact, prepared to achieve Tibet’s liberation entirely by force if China had to. However, he also believed that to do so could have serious international consequences for the legitimacy of the People’s Republic of China’s assertion of sovereignty over Tibet, as well as for the attitudes and loyalty of the Tibetans, who would become part of the new Chinese state.
The other major monk ofﬁcial in the Dalai Lama’s secretariat was the lord chamberlain (tib. drönyerchemmo). He was the conduit to the Dalai Lama for such things as private petitions and requests for audiences, so although lower in rank than the jigyab khembo, he could be extremely powerful, because he controlled access to the Dalai Lama. In the period covered by this history, Phala was the inﬂuential and powerful lord chamberlain. Also important in the Dalai Lama’s entourage were his senior and junior tutors (and their assistants).
The Kashag seal was called kadam. The Dalai Lama had his own seal, called bugdam, which he used to issue decrees in his own name. introduction 7 able to exercise extensive autocratic power. The 13th Dalai Lama was one of these, and an important issue for the history of the 1950s was whether the 14th Dalai Lama, who ascended to ofﬁcial authority in late 1950, would continue that style of active rulership. The Kashag, therefore, controlled the daily operation of the government and was the critical link between the ruler and the bureaucracy.
A History of Modern Tibet, Volume 2: The Calm before the Storm: 1951-1955 (Philip E. Lilienthal Books) by Melvyn C. Goldstein