The 2014 ASHRAE Handbook€”Refrigeration covers the refrigeration apparatus and platforms for purposes except human convenience. This quantity contains information and tips on cooling, freezing, and storing nutrients; business and clinical purposes of refrigeration; and low-temperature refrigeration; and contains a dual-unit CD.
CD process specifications: home windows: CD-ROM force; 1.3 GHz or speedier processor; Microsoft home windows Vista, home windows 7, or home windows eight (62-bit and 64-big); 1 GB of RAM (2 GB recommended); Microsoft web Explorer eight or greater; Adobe Acrobat/Reader 10.0 or better; 350 MB hard-disk house. Macintosh: Mac OS X v. 10.5.8 or v. 10.6.4; 512 MB of RAM (1 GB recommended); 415 MB hard-disk house; 800 x six hundred monitor answer (1024 x 768 recommended); Safari four for Mac OS X v. 10.5.8, Safari four or 5.0x for Mac OS X v. 10.6.4, Safari 6.0 for Mac OS X v. 10.7.4 or v. 10.8; Firefox; Adobe Acrobat/Reader 10.0 or better. quotation: 2014 ASHRAE Handbook
ASHRAE, based in 1894, is a world association of a few 50,000 people. ASHRAE fulfills its venture of advancing heating, air flow, air con, and refrigeration to serve humanity and advertise a sustainable global via examine, criteria writing, publishing, and carrying on with schooling.
The ASHRAE Handbooks are the layout regular for regulate of outfitted environments with volumes on structures and kit, HVAC functions, Refrigeration and basics. each one is up to date each 4 years. as well as publishing layout tips for engineers, architects, and facility managers, we additionally submit a chain of texts for lecture room use.
the various components we submit in include:
-Energy Modeling and Auditing
-High functionality construction Design
-Indoor Air caliber and Environmental Quality
-Data middle power Efficiency
-Noise & Vibration Control
-HVAC for Healthcare amenities
Read Online or Download 2014 ASHRAE Handbook -- Refrigeration (I-P) (Ashrae Handbook Refrigeration Systems/Applications Inch-Pound System PDF
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Additional info for 2014 ASHRAE Handbook -- Refrigeration (I-P) (Ashrae Handbook Refrigeration Systems/Applications Inch-Pound System
However, because most microchannel condensers are made up of many individual heat exchangers, there is an opportunity to mechanically isolate portions of the condenser to reduce the usable surface area. This type of control scheme can be used instead of holding back excess refrigerant to flood portions of the condenser. KEEPING LIQUID FROM CRANKCASE DURING OFF CYCLES Control of reciprocating compressors should prevent excessive accumulation of liquid refrigerant in the crankcase during off cycles.
30 Tube-in-Tube Heat Exchanger Fig. 29 Shell-and-Finned-Coil Exchanger Installed to Prevent Liquid Floodback Fig. 31 Flash-Type Cooler Halocarbon Refrigeration Systems through the entire system and returns to the compressor as fast as it leaves. Although well-designed piping systems can handle the oil in most cases, a discharge-line oil separator can have certain advantages in some applications (see Chapter 11), such as • In systems where it is impossible to prevent substantial absorption of refrigerant in the crankcase oil during shutdown periods.
In screw-type compressor systems, where an oil separator is necessary for proper operation. The oil separator is usually supplied with the compressor unit assembly directly from the compressor manufacturer. • In multiple compressors operating in parallel. The oil separator can be an integral part of the total system oil management system. In applying oil separators in refrigeration systems, the following potential hazards must be considered: • Oil separators are not 100% efficient, and they do not eliminate the need to design the complete system for oil return to the compressor.
2014 ASHRAE Handbook -- Refrigeration (I-P) (Ashrae Handbook Refrigeration Systems/Applications Inch-Pound System by ASHRAE